Aktau mountains-are the most picturesque and unique place in its landscapes in the national Park. This is the bottom of the ancient sea that once filled the Ili basin. With the disappearance of the sea, nature has created here the most beautiful gorges and canyons of sheer walls, composed of multicolored layers of rocks: from green and red at the bottom to motley and white at the top. The height of the deposits reaches 1000 m, the main canyons are concentrated within the three main logs, stretched from top to bottom for more than 5 km. the total area of the outcrop is about 50 kV/km. Aktau mountains are  one of the largest paleontological sites with deposits of the Cenozoic era, four of which are different age bone deposits, starting with the Eocene (about 50 million years) to the present day and one with plant prints. The excavations revealed numerous remains of ancient animals that lived in different geological epochs (late Eocene, upper Oligocene, early Miocene, anthropogen), such as marsh rhinos - brontotherium, crocodiles, molluscs, turtles, giant rhinoceros, mastodons, deer. Fully preserved skeleton of brontotherium and three skulls were found during the joint Kazakh - American expedition in 1995-97 and are the first most complete materials found in Kazakhstan. Judging by the remnants of trunks in prints of leaves, the main vegetation was xerophilous forests composed of poplars, the ancestors of modern Asian poplar, oaks, riparian forests.